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GED Social Studies Answers and Explanations

1. 3: Denmark abolished slavery in 1792. Each of the remaining answers is incorrect. France did not abolish slavery for another two years, waiting until 1794. The chart does not include information on Spain's abolishing of slavery. Britain was the third European nation to abolish slavery, in 1807. The United States did not abolish slavery until 1865, following the Civil War. The last nation on the chart, Brazil, postponed abolition until 1888. The other, earliest dates on the chart, 1517 and 1592, refer to the beginnings of European nations' involvement in the slave trade.

2. 4: The United States was a British colony before winning independence and so would have been required to end slavery in 1834, when slavery was abolished in all British colonies. Each of the other options is incorrect. Denmark abolished slavery in 1792, but the colonies did not have a major relationship with that nation. In 1794, France forbad slavery, but most of the colonies were not French possessions by the time of the American Revolution, France having ceded land to Britain following the French and Indian War in 1763. In 1807, Britain ended slavery but did not yet extend that rule to its colonies. The final date, 1888, refers to the end of slavery in Brazil.

3. 2: France's Revolution began in 1789. Only five years later, the slave trade was abolished, which seems to indicate an extension and realization of the ideals of independence. The United States Revolution began in 1776; almost a century passed before slavery finally ended, in 1865. None of the other conclusions can be supported from the chart. Brazil was a large slave-holding nation, but that information is not included. It is unlikely that Denmark, a small nation with few colonies, would have been a large slave-holding state. The Asian nations remained in Britain's empire until the mid-twentieth century. Spain no longer relies on the slave trade.

4. 2: Neither Ecuador nor Paraguay received independence from Spain until 1830. Argentina received independence from Spain in 1810, so 1 cannot be the correct answer. Number 3 is also incorrect because Bolivia became independent from Spain in 1825, and Uruguay followed three years later. Peru gained independence from Spain in 1821, and Brazil was free of Portuguese control by 1822. In 1818, Chile also became independent from Spain; Colombia followed suit the next year. Thus all the other nations listed had received their independence from Spain or Portugal during the previous two decades.

5. 5: Ten nations received independence during the first thirty years of the nineteenth century. Number 1 is incorrect; the American Revolution was fought during the latter 1770s and early 1780s, some decades before independence movements in South America. In fact, the American Revolution inspired some of the movements. France did not have significant possessions in South America, so number 2 is wrong. Nations on the west coast were among the last to receive independence, making number 3 incorrect. The landlocked countries of Bolivia and Uruguay were among the last to receive their independence.

6. 4: Corporate taxes would be paid in greater amounts because businesses would no longer be able to shelter offshore. Response 1, which suggests the opposite situation, is clearly incorrect. The offshore tax havens have nothing to do with retirement receipts, so option 2 is also incorrect. Again, individual income tax is not related to the problem of offshore tax havens, making response 3 incorrect as well. The sales tax is not related to the use of offshore tax havens, so they would not be lowered, making answer 5 not correct.

7. 1: Individuals provide the largest segment of the total revenue sources, 43 percent. Response 2 is incorrect; corporations, because of legal loopholes, were contributing only 10.1 percent of the revenue in 2004. Social Security is included as part of the 39 percent of the amount that comes from social insurance and retirement receipts, making answer 3 not accurate. Likewise, answer 4 is wrong; government agencies do not pay taxes and do not appear on the chart. Response 5 is incorrect as well; city governments are not listed on the chart.

8. 4: Implied powers in Article I, Clause 18, Section 8, the "necessary and proper" clause, give Congress the right to fund national railroad systems. Response 1 is incorrect; the delegated powers did not include funding for a railroad. Nor is response 2 correct because the power to support rail travel was not a denied power. This power is not expressed directly in the Constitution, so response 3 is not accurate. The power to support railroads is not inherent in the charge of Congress to legislate for the nation.

9. 5: is the correct answer. It is the duty of the president to see that laws are carried out. National laws are not subject to state laws or interpretations. Response 1 is not correct; Eisenhower had the legal power to send federal troops. The second option is incorrect as well. The governor of a state does have power; he or she cannot act, however, in defiance of national law. The conflict in Vietnam had nothing to do with the situation in Arkansas, so option 3 is inaccurate. If number 4 were true, Eisenhower would not have been able to send troops into the state.

10. 2: Bloomberg's term of office ends in 2009, as does that of a majority of City Council members who approved the measure. Option 1 is not discussed in the question and is unlikely to have occurred twice. No mention is made of a voter initiative to overturn the earlier referendums, so option 3 is not correct. There is no mention of action by the City Council that would be construed as pressuring him, making option 4 wrong. Choice 5 makes an assertion that cannot be proven and is incorrect.

11. 1: None of the other statements are verifiable facts but are opinions. The framers knew of the case of Poland about 15 years before the United State was founded, in which Austria, Prussia, and Russia tried to carve up the nation among themselves, using a foreigner to influence the monarchy. The key to option 2 is the phrase I think, denoting an opinion, therefore, making this an incorrect answer. Option 3 uses the words I think, another phrase indicating opinion. The term foreign nuts in number 4 is loaded language that indicates an opinion. Although some have put forward number 5 as fact, it cannot be proven, as the term probably suggests.

12. 2: Women in the organization have the opportunity to network and extend their involvement in the larger organization. Number 1 is false because cronyism is using power to place one's friends and associates in power. Option 3 is also incorrect; lobbyists are not mayors but people who try to influence legislators. Patronage is a system of supporting worthy persons or causes, making option 4 incorrect. Socialism is an economic and political movement that is irrelevant to an organization such as the Women Mayors' Caucus. Thus option 5 is not an accurate response.

13. 3: The Mayan population of Belize stands at about 10 percent. The first option, Honduras, does not have a Mayan presence. Thus it is incorrect. Option 2, Costa Rica, does not have a statistically significant Mayan population either, making this a false choice. Response 4 suggests Nicaragua, but it does not have enough Maya to show up on the chart at all. This choice is the wrong one. Like nearly all of the other nations listed, El Salvador does not have a Mayan population of any size. Therefore, option five is also incorrect.

14. 5: Only in Belize does the Amerindian population exceed 10 percent, and that by a slim margin. Choice 1 is incorrect because the Creole population is not the largest ethnic group in the entire region but makes up about a fourth of Belize's population. The second response is also false; the Maya make up about 10 percent of the Belize population. The third response is also incorrect; the nation of Costa Rica does not have a canal, and, in any case, the chart makes no mention of how 1 percent of that nation's population arrived. Answer 4 is not correct; more than two-thirds of Nicaragua's people are of mixed descent.

15. 1: Belize is close to Haiti and Jamaica, both of which have a high concentration of people of African descent. There is no evidence of trade between Belize and the nations of West Africa, making choice 2 wrong. It is possible that many Creole in New Orleans did leave after Hurricane Katrina; however, there is no indication that they went to Belize, making the third response wrong. Answer 4 cannot be supported. Answer 5 is incorrect; there is no Creole nation as such; the term Creole refers to an ethnic group and a culture.

Last Updated: 05/15/2014

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